GEOGRAPHY OF NAURU

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PARLAMENT OF NAURU
MAP OF NAURU
IMAGE SATELITE OF NAURU ISLAND
Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator.
Location:Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Geographic coordinates:0 32 S, 166 55 E
Area:total: 21 sq km
land: 21 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

Land Boundaries:0 km
Coastline:30 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate:tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Terrain:sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Elevation extremes:lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m
Natural resources:phosphates, fish
Land use:arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2009)
Irrigated land:NA
Natural hazards:periodic droughts
Current Environment Issues:limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
International Environment Agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements