Gojjam, or Gojam, was a province in the north-eastern part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Debra Markos. This province is distinctive for lying entirely within the bend of the Abbay River from its outflow from Lake Tana to the Sudanese border; the remainder of its northern boundary with Begemder was defined by the Dinder River.
The earliest recorded mention of Gojjam was on the Egyptus Novello map, (c.1451), where it is described as a kingdom. Emperor Lebna Dengel, in his letter to the King of Portugal (1526), also described Gojjam as a kingdom but one that was part of his empire. With the adoption of the constitution in 1995, Gojjam was divided between the Benishangul-Gumaz and the Amhara
Regions of Ethiopia.