WILLIAM WYLER

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Wyler, William (1902-1981), Cineasta norte-americano:

O Morro dos Ventos Uivantes (1939);
Pérfida (1941);
Os Melhores Anos de Nossas Vidas (1946);
Ben Hur (1959);
Tarde Demais (1949);
O Colecionador (1965).

Nationality: American. Born: Willy Wyler in Mulhouse (Mülhausen), Alsace-Lorraine, 1 July 1902; became U.S. citizen, 1928. Family: Married 1) Margaret Sullavan, 1934 (divorced 1936); 2) Margaret Tallichet, 1938, four children. Military Service: U.S. Army Air Corps, 1942–45; major. Career: Travelled to America at invitation of cousin Carl Laemmle, 1920; worked in publicity department for Universal in New York, then transferred to Universal City, Hollywood, 1921; assistant director at Universal, from 1924; directed first film, Crook Buster, 1925, and first feature, Lazy Lightning, 1926; signed contract with Samuel Goldwyn, 1936; helped to found Committee for the First Amendment to counteract Hollywood investigations by House Un-American Activities Committee, 1947; "Hommage à William Wyler" organized by Henri Langlois at the Cinémathèque française, 1966; retired from directing, 1972. Awards: Oscar for Best Direction, for Mrs. Miniver, 1942; Oscar for Best Direction and New York Film Critics Award for Best Direction, for The Best Years of Our Lives, 1946; Oscar for Best Direction, for Ben Hur, 1959; Irving G. Thalberg Award, 1965; American Film Institute Lifetime Achievement Award, 1976. Died: 29 July 1981.